Knife crime and serious youth violence
What is knife crime?
Knife crime is a term commonly used in the media to refer to street-based knife assaults and knife-carrying.
There are many different criminal offences relating to knives and offensive weapons. Offences include:
- carrying a knife in a public place without good reason
- using any knife in a threatening way
- carrying, buying or selling any type of banned knife such as a stealth knife, baton, disguised knife, zombie knife
- selling a knife of any kind to anyone under 18-years-old.
Anyone carrying a knife or a gun, even an imitation one, will be arrested and prosecuted. It is no excuse in UK legislation to say it was for protection or they were carrying it for someone else.
Why is knife crime increasing?
Hospital admissions for under 18s who had been assaulted by a sharp object increased by 20% between 2015/2106 and 2016/2017.
The Office for National Statistics crime survey for England and Wales for the year ending March 2018, reported there were 4,500 knife and offensive weapon crimes committed by children aged between 10 and 17 years. This accounted for 21% of the total number of knife and offensive weapon crimes in England and Wales. These statistics only take into consideration the number of offences that resulted in a caution or conviction.
There are many reasons why young people say they carry a weapon, including:
- pressure from peers to be in a gang
- living in poverty and deprived areas
- how they are brought up, the fears of violence that are echoed by people around them, including both family and friends
- a perceived feeling of power for the young person
- for protection due to feeling unsafe in their neighbourhood or community
- normalisation as everyone else is carrying weapons.
The most dangerous time for children when associating it to risk, is between 4pm and 9pm after leaving school.
Serious Youth Violence and KCSIE 2019
The new guidance states:
“All staff should be aware of indicators, which may signal that children are at risk from, or are involved with serious violent crime. These may include increased absence from school, a change in friendships or relationships with older individuals or groups, a significant decline in performance, signs of self-harm or a significant change in wellbeing, or signs of assault or unexplained injuries. Unexplained gifts or new possessions could also indicate that children have been approached by, or are involved with, individuals associated with criminal networks or gangs.
Download our free summary report on the update to KCSIE
What is serious violence?
The Serious Violence Strategy, which was introduced by the government in 2018, identifies offences such as homicides and knife and gun crime as key factors which account for around one per cent of all recorded crime. The impact of serious violent crime on individuals and the community is significant.
Tackling serious violence is not a law enforcement issue alone; it requires a multiple-strand approach involving a range of partners across different sectors.
The main areas that the Serious Violence Strategy focuses on are:
- tackling county lines
- early intervention and prevention
- supporting communities and local partnerships
- effective law enforcement and the criminal justice response.
Why do schools need training on knife crime and serious violence?
Our Pastoral Care Expert, Dawn Jotham commented:
“Early intervention is about recognising and responding to the indicators of potential vulnerability, providing early support that is effective. When a young person begins to show the signs of exploitation or vulnerability to exploitation, and therefore at increased risk from Serious Violence, we should be able to intervene as early as possible to help reduce the risk factors and increase the protective factors”.
Serious Youth Violence - online training course
Our training course on Serious Youth Violence has been written in partnership with the experts at The Children’s Society and includes information about:
- the different types of exploitation that could
- contribute to serious youth violence
- the main signs and indicators
- where to go for further support.
To ensure our customers can access the latest safeguarding training we have included this new course in our online learning service - EduCare for Education. All customers who use the service are automatically able to access the latest essential content on safeguarding issues at no extra cost.
Save money on safeguarding training with EduCare
As budgets continue to be reduced across all schools and educational settings, EduCare remains committed to provide the best value for money online learning service possible - EduCare for Education.
Because it offers unlimited access, the annual subscription price for EduCare for Education is based on pupil roll numbers and not per-learner. This unique pricing model means that you should never have to pay more than £2 per-learner, per-course. And definitely less than a Flat White!
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Ofsted's New Education Inspection Framework
What do you need to know?
Our free resource includes a breakdown of the key points, including a useful 6-point check to assess if you are following the latest confirmed inspection framework.
Enter your email address below and we will email you a copy of the full report, prepared by Dawn Jotham - EduCare's Pastoral Care Expert & Education Lead.