Effective reporting of child-on-child sexual violence and harassment

Effective reporting of child-on-child sexual violence and harassment

Victims of sexual violence and harassment are likely to be stressed and upset. They may have been affected physically and verbally both face-to-face and online by an individual or by a group. Any allegation should be taken seriously, and the victim should be offered appropriate support. Each report should be acted upon a case-by-case basis.

Seven key rules of effective reporting

When dealing with reports of sexual violence and sexual harassment you should:

Act quickly and sensitively.

Reassure the young person.

Do not promise confidentiality.

Reassurance should be given to the victim that information will only be shared with those that will provide help and support. If a report has been made and as a result, there is a criminal investigation, the school or college should be aware that they must do all they can to protect the child’s anonymity. Depending on the nature of the incident, it will have to be decided which staff should be aware and what support should be in place. Any support should be for both the victim and the alleged perpetrator. Rumours either in the school or college environment or via social networking should be monitored and dealt with.

You should refrain from using the name of the alleged perpetrator to the parents of the victim and likewise when meeting with the parents of the accused. 

Only ask open questions to obtain clarity.

Make a written record, recording the facts, not your personal opinion. When making notes you should not become distracted from what the young person is telling you, so you may consider writing up the report immediately after the disclosure. You should be aware that your report may become part of a criminal investigation.

The following points should be considered:

  • The age of the child or young person involved.
  • Any power imbalance between the children.
  • The nature of the alleged incident.
  • The developmental stages of the children.
  • Is the victim or are any other children at risk?
  • Has an allegation been made before?

Explain what the next steps are to the victim and who the report will be passed on to.

Follow the child protection policy for your organisation. 

Your school should have clear policies and procedures in place to help in reporting and acting on allegations of sexual harassment and sexual violence. These policies should include:

  • behaviour policy
  • child protection policy
  • equality and diversity policy
  • anti-bullying policy
  • your school may also want to develop a peer-on-peer abuse policy.


Support and signposting

When dealing with cases of sexual violence and sexual harassment schools should feel confident in contacting their local police and the local authority social care department for advice and support.

Extra advice and support can also be obtained from the following organisations.


Helpline for professionals 0808 800 5000 or email help@nspcc.org.uk

Rape Crisis

Help and support – 0808 802 9999

Rape Crisis website

The Survivors Trust

Offers support for sexual violence and abuse

Support, advice and information – 0808 801 0818

The Survivors Trust Website

The UK Safer Internet Centre

Helpline for professionals regarding online safety 0344 381 4772 or email helpline@saferinternet.org.uk

UKCCIS Sexting Advice

The UK Council for Child Internet Safety is a group of organisations working help keep children safe online

UKCCIS website

The Anti-Bullying Alliance 

Provide support to professionals

Anti-Bullying Alliance Website

New Training Course

The above information was taken from EduCare’s new training course Sexual Violence and Harassment between Children and Young People.

The course is available to buy online or is included in our comprehensive safeguarding and duty of care e-learning service, EduCare for Education®.

Get in touch to find out more

Enquiry Form

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Raising Awareness of Peer-on-Peer Abuse

Peer-on-peer abuse is any form of physical, sexual, emotional, financial, and/or coercive control exercised between children and young people; this includes intimate and non-intimate relationships.

Read more

Raising Awareness of Peer-on-Peer Abuse

The purpose of this course is to help you:

  • understand what peer-on-peer abuse is
  • understand the different types of peer-on-peer abuse
  • understand who peer-on-peer abuse may affect and what external influences there are
  • be aware of the prevalence of peer-on-peer abuse
  • understand social norms and peer pressure
  • recognise early signs that might indicate abuse
  • know what action to take if you know or suspect that a young person is experiencing abuse
  • implement preventative strategies within school or college.

Additional Information


KCSIE 2018: 5 recommendations for training topics for inset days

Plan your inset days to ensure staff are trained and will be compliant with KCSIE 2018

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Download our KCSIE 2018 White Paper

Crucial checks to determine if you’re compliant

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